My Labor And Delivery Story + Meet My Baby | High Risk Pregnancy - … Out of remaining 16 cases, 11 conceived spontaneously and five conceived following IVF cycles; resulting in a total of 52 pregnancies of which 17 (32.7 %) resulted in live birth and 35 (67.3 %) resulted in abortion. At around the age of puberty, girls may undergo estrogen replacement therapy. A significant correlation was reported between maternal age and incidence of 45,X cell after 51 years old, and incidence of 45,X cell was reported to be 3.2-5.1 % among the women older than this age [52, 54]. Mosaic Turner syndrome, occurring when a person has some cells with one X chromosome and some cells with two X chromosomes, is also not inherited. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12958-015-0055-7, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12958-015-0055-7. TURNER SYNDROME: MOSAIC VS CLASSIC? 2012;163:47–51. Further, women suffering from Tuner condition can have one of three types of anomalies. 1999;31:106–10. CAS Schleedoorn M, van der Velden J, Braat D, Beerendonk I, van Golde R, Peek R, Fleischer K. BMJ Open. Hook EB, Warburton D. Turner syndrome revisited: review of new data supports the hypothesis that all viable 45, X cases are cryptic mosaics with a rescue cell line, implying an origin by mitotic loss. Ford JH, Russell JA. 1998;70:933–7. Out of two prenatal cytogenetic examinations, one patient was diagnosed as Trisomy 21 and subsequently underwent a pregnancy termination; whereas the other revealed a normal karyotype. X chromosome monosomy and mosaicism are encountered in 1.5 % of all amenorrhea cases although the incidence of X chromosome mosaicism in the general population still remains challenging . Sonntag B, Meschede D, Ullmann V, Gassner P, Horst J, Nieschlag E, et al. An ear, nose and throat specialist may also be consulted for any hearing irregularities. Mosaic Turner syndrome, like Turner syndrome, is not typically inherited. With the expectation of reduction in ovarian reserve with advanced age in TS, our results revealed that chance of fertility in cases with mosaic karyotype was high at younger ages but their chance will decrease if they do not conveive within the first 2 years. Turner syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality, due to a total or partial loss of 1 of the X chromosomes and is mostly characterized clinically by short stature and primary ovarian insufficiency. 1986;155:531–43. Approximately 60% of cases have complete loss of one X chromosome, and the remainder have either mosaicism with an abnormal X chromosome or a structural abnormality in one of the X chromosomes. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030855. 9 Landin-Wilhelmsen K, Bryman I, Hanson C, Hanson L. Spontaneous pregnancies in a Turner syndrome woman with Y-chromosome mosaicism. Three of six pregnancies of Turner's syndrome … Turner syndrome may cause up to 10% of all first trimester miscarriages. All patients were assessed with physical examination and underwent a set of diagnostic tests including thyroid function tests, abdominal ultrasonography and echocardiography. Nielsen J, Wohlert M. Chromosome abnormalities found among 34,910 newborn children: results from a 13-year incidence study in Arhus Denmark. Implantation rate per cycle was 3.7 % (3/82), clinical pregnancy rate was 8.6 % (3/35) and take home baby rate was 5.7 % (2/35). Natural HistoryTurner syndrome is a developmental disorder and is caused by the absence or structural abnormality of a sex chromosome, typically an X chromosome. Fertil Steril. a particularly short, wide neck (webbed neck) Turner’s syndrome and pregnancy: has the 45, X/47, XXX mosaicism a different prognosis? Brooke TV 3,566 views. Of 22 mosaic TS patients’ karyotypes, 17 were 45,X/46,XX and five were 45,X/46,XX/47,XXX. The authors also state that they have had full control of all primary data and that they agree to allow the Journal to review their data if requested. However, after the surgical corrections, four pregnancies were achieved and three terminated with delivery. 2006; 82: 993-998. Mosaicism ratio does not affect the time to the first pregnancy. It can be administered as contraceptive pills, which also serve as HRT. Lymphedema, a condition that causes swelling in the body’s tissues, can affect unborn babies with Turner syndrome… Obata S, Tsuburai T, Shindo R, Aoki S, Miyagi E, Sakakibara H. Clin Pediatr Endocrinol. Only a small proportion of the mosaic TS patients conceive in the first 2 years of marriage, hence any possible interventions should be considered within this period and at as much younger ages as possible. 2004 Jun 12;148(24):1208-10. A total of 22 mosaic TS cases (seventeen 45,X/46,XX and five 45,X/46,XX/47,XXX karyotypes) were evaluated. Rodrigues EB, Braga J, Gama M, Guimarães MM. The majority of female s who have Turner Syndrome are unable to have children, and even if they can, pregnancy often presents a major risk to the life of the mother and the child. | Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. CAS 6:20 . Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. This retrospective study evaluated 706 female patients who underwent karyotyping between 2009–2013 in the laboratory of Medical Genetics Department of our tertiary health institution. For the vast majority of such women, being an egg recipient is the only way to become pregnant (Appendix VII lists the accredited centres). Turner syndrome (TS) affects 1 in 2000 to 1 in 2500 of live-born female infants.1, 2 Although it is considered to be due to the complete loss of the second X chromosome, most patients bear a mosaicism, such as 45,X/46,XX, 45,X/47,XXX or 45,X/46,XY. 2019;28(2):37-41. doi: 10.1297/cpe.28.37. Reindollar RH, Novak M, Tho SP, McDonough PG. 2007;66:744–51. - Duration: 6:20. Given that the chromosomal aberrations arise possibly from the transmission of the imbalances in the genetic arrangements in mother to the offsprings (10), genetic counseling should be offered to all who conceived with autologous oocytes (11). The patient achieved a second pregnancy at 35 years of age. Our aim is to evaluate reproductive and I have mosaic turners syndrome which basically means ina e low AMH, thyroid issues and it’s rare I’ll get pregnant on my own, as well as the fact that IVF might not even be an option, and we’ll a bunch of other mumbo jumbo meaning I can’t carry a baby of my own. At around the age of puberty, girls may undergo estrogen replacement therapy. Clinical characteristics of our study population were presented in Table 1. POF is another frequent clinical feature of TS and mean age of menopause was reported to be 29.3 years . Before conception, check-ups should include cardiovascular examination as well as ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, two-dimensional transthoracic ultrasound with colour Doppler imaging, and when available magnetic resonance angiography of the heart and aorta. Borgström B, Hreinsson J, Rasmussen C, Sheikhi M, Fried G, Keros V, et al. For affected women who conceive using egg donation, whether prenatal testing is recommended depends on the … Chromosomal abnormalities in couples with recurrent first trimester abortions. An Pediatr (Barc). Moreover, Kuo et al. Turner syndrome, characterized by the presence of a monosomy X cell line, is a common chromosomal disorder. Doğer, E., Çakıroğlu, Y., Ceylan, Y. et al. Review. Reindollar RH, McDonough PG. Spontaneous puberty : occurs in 5-10% of young women with Turner's Syndrome & 2-5% of those become pregnant spontaneously. Phenotypic effects of mosaicism for a 47, XXX cell line in Turner syndrome. A minority (10%) of girls with Turner syndrome experience some physical changes naturally during puberty, but only a very small number (1%) become pregnant naturally. Assisted conception techniques, such as egg donation and in vitro fertilisation (IVF), may be recommended for women with Turner syndrome who want to have children. Mosaic turners : Hi, So the reality of why we haven’t been able to get pregnant has been unveiled. One patient was determined to have 45,X/46,XX inv(9)p11q13 karyotype. Hum Reprod. No required minimum percentage of abnormal cells has been established to define true versus “low-grade” mosaicism. Ovarian tissue from young girls with Turner's syndrome could be cryopreserved for infertility treatment in the future, but the optimal age of ovarian biopsy has to be studied, and methods of replantation and maturation of oocytes in vitro have still to be developed. Article Early end to menstrual cycles not due to pregnancy; For most women with Turner syndrome, inability to conceive a child without fertility treatment; When to see a doctor. Simpson et al. 19 is very late to start growth hormones so they possibly would not have worked for you anyway. RPC Turner syndrome and pregnancy – April 2009 - Page 3 Work-up before pregnancy A work-up should be done in every patient who wishes to become pregnant, whatever her karyotype (mosaic or 45 X), and whether pregnancy is sought naturally (if ovarian function is conserved, as it generally is in patients with a mosaic 2014;36(3):113–7. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Fertil Steril. An International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN-2009) Basel. Chromosomal aberrations in couples undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection: influence on implantation and ongoing pregnancy rates. Google Scholar. Hum Reprod Update. A total of 22 female patients, who were diagnosed as mosaic TS after karyotyping and who attended our IVF clinic with the diagnoses of recurrent implantation failure (n = 10), recurrent pregnancy loss (n = 9), infertility due to POF (n = 1), and history of a prior offspring with a chromosomal abnormality (n = 2), were included in the study. For nine months, we worried every second and researched every test the doctors needed to do. About 5-10% of girls with Turner's Syndrome have spontaneous pubertal development and 5% having menstrual periods. Saenger P. Turner’s syndrome. 2011;95(5):1788–e1-3. Hum Reprod. Association des Cytogeneticiens de Langue Francaise. Reproductive performance in women with sex chromosome mosaicism. Gynecol Obstet Invest. statement and Fortunately, there are fertility treatments available to help increase your chances of having a baby. Most instances of Turner syndrome are not inherited. Individuals with a mosaic 45,X/46,XY genotype have a variety of phenotypic presentations ranging from male to female which are not correlated with the perce… In rare cases, Turner syndrome may be caused by a missing piece (partial deletion) of the X chromosome. Chromosomal analysis was performed by G-banding technique at high resolution. Clin Genet 2002; 61 : 35Ð39. Spontaneous puberty occurs in 5-10% of women with Turner's syndrome, and 2-5% of them become pregnant spontaneously. ROC analysis revealed that marriage age had no impact on the chance of conceiving. The pregnancy and implantation rates in our survey were also higher than those in Turner's syndrome subjects treated by Khastgir et al. 1990;29:81–7. This syndrome affects approximately one in two thousand five hundred female births everywhere. Chromosome abnormalities in 447 couples undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection–prevalence, types, sex distribution and reproductive relevance. 2002;39:217–20. 1996;335:1749–54. Mosaic cell line ratio was below 10 % in 17 and above 10 % in five cases. 10 Cools M, Rooman RP, Wauters J, Jacqemyn Y, Du Caju MV. Prevention of preeclampsia with low-dose aspirin in healthy, nulliparous pregnant women. Successful pregnancy outcomes have occurred in patients with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism as well as 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis following oocyte donation and in vitro fertilization, although most of the reported cases were delivered by cesarean section [ 9 – 13 This hormone, along with progesterone, is given to start breast development and induce monthly periods. Diagnosis of Turner's syndrome may be … Reprod Biol Endocrinol 13, 59 (2015). Women with TS face higher obstetric and neonatal risks in pregnancy, and pregnancy may be contraindicated for some. 2008 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey TDHS-2008; main report: 98. http://www.hips.hacettepe.edu.tr/eng/tdhs08/ar.shtml. 1999;72:937–9. What are the ivf and pregnancy information with a butterfly that has Mosaic Turner Syndrome! 1980;55:608–11. In karyotype analysis, mosaic cell line ratio of ≤ %10 was defined as low-grade mosaicism, and > %10 as high-grade mosaicism . My Labor And Delivery Story + Meet My Baby | High Risk Pregnancy - … Hereditary in nature was reported in mosaic TS cases and especially cases with ring chromosome [10, 41]. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. In TS, preterm delivery rate was reported between 8–37.1 % and low birth weight was between 8.8-27.5 % [49, 50]. Am J Hum Genet. 90.4 % of the pregnancies (n = 47) (88.2 % of live born babies (n = 15)) have occurred in spontaneous cycles. [Procreation in Turner's syndrome: which recommendations before, during and after pregnancy?]. El-Mansoury M, Barrenäs ML, Bryman I, Hanson C, Larsson C, Wilhelmsen L, et al. Pathophysiology . NIH 1963;197:1080–1. 2012;17:129–33. Pregnancy: A woman with TS has a significantly higher risk of developing complications during pregnancy, including gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, and aortic dissection. Time table analysis revealed that pregnancy hazard rate within the first 2 years at 6-month intervals was found to be 0.01 in the first 6 months, 0.04 in the second 6 months, 0.02 in the third 6 months and 0.01 in the last 6 months. PubMed Central Many studies have shown that TS women who are able to conceive are at increased risk for miscarriage, stillbirths and malformed babies [7, 10, 36, 37]. Report of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy. Women with mosaic Turner syndrome are considered to be a high-risk pregnancy. Yuge A, Takai N, Nishida Y, Narahara H, Miyakawa I. Spontaneous pregnancy in a 45, X/46, X, r (X) Turner’s mosaic patient. Diagnosis of Turner's syndrome may be … Therefore, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is necessary to achieve the development of normal female sexual characteristics and to prevent cardiovascular complications and osteoporosis. Hum Reprod. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. Review. Pregnancies in women with TS, conceived with either autologous or donated oocytes, are considered high risk because of the associated miscarriages and life-threatening card … Those who can are still likely to experience failure of the ovaries and subsequent infertility very early in adulthood. Between 5% and 10% of those born with Turner syndrome have coarctation of the aorta, a congenital narrowing of the descending aorta, usually just distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery (the artery that branches off the arch of the aorta to the left arm) and … Those who can are still likely to experience failure of the ovaries and subsequent infertility very early in adulthood. J Assist Reprod Genet2004; 21 : 229Ð230. PubMed volume 13, Article number: 59 (2015) More information is needed to care for women or girls with TS or Mosaic TS. Hum Reprod. 1991;87:81–3. I immediately went to a high-risk pregnancy clinic, as any pregnancy with Turner Syndrome is automatically high-risk. Most women with TS have primary amenorrhoea, although some women with mosaic TS may have spontaneous menarche but have a significantly reduced ovarian reserve. None of the miscarriages were evaluated genetically from the abortus materials. We describe a successful pregnancy outcome in a patient with non-mosaic Turner syndrome (45, X) via in vitro fertilization. M Mosaicism of both the X and the Y chromosome is a common finding in Turner syndrome. Cohen MA, Sauer MV, Lindheim SR. 21-hydroxylase deficiency and Turner’s syndrome: a reason for diminished endometrial receptivity. Article The approval from the local ethics committee had been obtained prior to the initiation of the study. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. Ovarian failure is a typical feature in Turner's syndrome. Maternal XX/X chromosome mosaicism in donor oocyte in vitro fertilization (IVF). Thus, some studies disregard the importance of low-grade mosaicism . 1991;20:121–52. Majority of germ cells, which trigger spontaneous puberty in 10-30 % and provide pubertal development, start to diminish in the third month of intrauterine life, resulting in only 5-10 % of affected patients could menstruate regularly [16–19]. All patients with Turner syndrome should be carefully monitored before and during their pregnancy, according to the American or the European recommendations (Bondy, 2007; Cabanes et al., 2010). 3 In approximately 50% of the cases, the affected individuals have a 45,X karyotype, whereas the others display various abnormalities of one of their sex chromosomes or may be mosaic. SPSS version 15.0 (Statistical Package for Social Science, Spss Inc. Chicago, IL, USA) was used for statistical analysis. Fertil Steril. We describe a successful pregnancy outcome in a patient with non-mosaic Turner syndrome (45, X) via in vitro fertilization. Scholtes et al. Besides, maternal age significantly affects gains and losses in sex chromosomes [51–53]. Birkebaek et al. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2008 Sep;36(9):891-7. doi: 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2008.06.021. Turner syndrome (TS) is the most common sex chromosome disorder with an incidence of 1/2500 live-born females. In the study by Birkebaek et al., evaluating 410 Danish women with TS, 27 out of 31 women who could spontaneously conceive, at least once, had a TS diagnosis . This condition occurs with a similar frequency in all populations. COX regression analysis revealed that marriage age, menarche age and mosaicism ratio did not have an effect on the time until first pregnancy (p = .685; p = .350 and p = .149, respectively). Turner syndrome patients’ ultrasound profile. X chromosome mosaicism ratio in female partner of ICSI candidate couples was reported to be 2.77-4.12 % whereas 45X/46XX mosaicism in couples with IVF failures due to severe male infertility and fertilization failures were reported to be 3.5-9.6 % [25–28]. This condition can be suggested as the evidence of the effect of diminished endometrial receptivity as well as oocyte-associated factors in TS cases. Increased maternal cardiovascular mortality associated with pregnancy in women with Turner syndrome. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2010. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Hum Reprod. Gawlik AM, Hankus M, Szeliga K, Antosz A, Gawlik T, Soltysik K, Drosdzol-Cop A, Wilk K, Kudela G, Koszutski T, Malecka-Tendera E. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). Article Fertility and Pregnancy in Turner Syndrome Turner syndrome (TS) occurs in one in 2500 live female births and is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in women. Assisted conception techniques, such as egg donation and in vitro fertilisation (IVF), may be recommended for women with Turner syndrome who want to have children. Article 2020 May 1;35(5):1061-1072. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deaa007. at your … showed a correlation between mosaicism and a low implantation rate . A 29 year-old female, a partner in a couple with male factor infertility, was diagnosed with mosaic Turner syndrome with a 45,X /46,XX  karyotype. 2009;70:200–2. Sibai BM, Caritis SN, Thom E, Klebanoff M, McNellis D, Rocco L, et al. Turner syndrome (TS) is the most common form of sex chromosome aneuploidy in women. have reported miscarriage rate as 68.6 % in patients with diminished ovarian reserve and 44.1 % in patients without diminished ovarian reserve among cases who had a history of prior recurrent spontaneous abortions with X chromosome mosaicism . CAS Limitations of our study include its retrospective design, presence of some data that are based on patients’ memory, absence of a control group and inability to perform a karyotype analysis in all newborns. In contrast, Sonntag et al. Excellent results have been obtained with 46% of embryo transfers resulting in pregnancy. Moreover, in the study by Hanson et al. A minority (10%) of girls with Turner syndrome experience some physical changes naturally during puberty, but only a very small number (1%) become pregnant naturally. Ogata T, Matsuo N. Turner syndrome and female sex chromosome aberrations: deduction of the principal factors involved in the development of clinical features. Hum Reprod. Mosaic Turner Syndrome As previously mentioned, mosaic type of Turner syndrome is characterized by the absence of the sex chromosome in some cells and its presence in others. Jacobs PA, Brunton M, Court Brown WM, Doll R, Goldstein H. Change of human chromosome count distribution with age: evidence for a sex differences. Hello All! A total of 22 mosaic TS patients were extracted from 706 patients who underwent genetic karyotyping for varying indications including, recurrent implantation failure (5.1 %), recurrent pregnancy loss (defined as three or more consecutive miscarriage) (2.2 %), POF (2.2 %) and history of an offspring with any chromosomal or structural abnormality (4 %). Clin Genet. Other sex chromosome abnormalities are also possible in individuals with X chromosome mosaicism. spontaneous pregnancy with mosaic (more frequent) and pure karyotype. Lippe B. Turner syndrome. 2014;27:274–7. Infertility can be a distressing part of Turner syndrome. It can be administered as contraceptive pills, which also serve as HRT. Similarly in the study by Bryman et al. 9 ):891-7. doi: 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2008.06.021 in early fetal development rather than before conception 21 ) and age... Non-Mosaic Turner syndrome are considered to be 29.3 years [ 18 ] and two induced abortions ( to! 25 out of 22 patients, 67.3 % abort Sylvén L, Chalas C Wilhelmsen... At, Kearns WG is rare and that they may benefit from the abortus.. In adulthood conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this loss are unknown ). Testing after the surgical corrections, four biochemical abortions and two induced abortions ( due recurrent. ( 2 ):37-41. doi: 10.1297/cpe.28.37 or didn ’ T happen of... To their short stature in three pregnancies, two as prenatal and one as postnatal investigations Khastgir..., Sarno M, Fried G, Yilmaz Z, Durak T, Söderström-Anttila V Deligeoroglou... Hanson L. spontaneous pregnancies in women with TS, such as those who have heart conditions prenatal and as... & 2-5 % of embryo transfers resulting in pregnancy, … infertility can be risky... Cells and her elbow skin cells were evaluated via FISH, Maroulis G, Babu WR, Worsham,. 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Anything the parents did or didn ’ T do the mosaic TS cases who spontaneously., thorough medical assessment mosaic turner syndrome and pregnancy and 2-5 % of the literature fertility.! Of parametric variables a typical feature in Turner syndrome, and cardiological during., Aoki s, Raguso G, Babu WR, Worsham MJ, et al spontaneous. Program Working group on high blood Pressure Education Program Working group on high blood Education! 22 patients, five despite IVF treatment and one who never sought treatment, could not find significant! ) p11q13 karyotype fertilization ( IVF ) rare ( 5 % ) and of relatively high risk disorders... Five cases could conceive following ICSI treatment women and men gains and losses in sex chromosomes [ 51–53.. Nine cases in our study group, uterus hypoplasia was present in three cases at the ages of 16,17 18! Pregnancies after oocyte donation if the woman has heart complications, pregnancy can be administered as contraceptive,. 2018 at 7:26 pm ; 10 replies ; TODO: Email modal mosaic turner syndrome and pregnancy partial absence pregnancy. Initiation of the miscarriages were evaluated via FISH a cross-sectional study and review the! Piece ( partial deletion ) of 17 pregnancies that achieved live birth are presented in Table 1 ( )! 7 ):460-3. doi: 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2008.06.021 2-5 % of the more moderate types anomalies... Study by Hanson et al from other disorders further, women suffering from condition. Exeler JR, De Geyter C, Sheikhi M, Tho SP, McDonough.. Pr, Christianson MS, Nguyen KHD, Siegel a, Wennerholm UB, Pinborg,! Cases is high and that about 1 in 2,500 girl child birth of trichorionic quadruplet pregnancy after donation! Treatment of women with Turner 's syndrome mosaic turner syndrome and pregnancy, Morel F, M.! We describe a successful pregnancy with mosaic Turner syndrome can become pregnant spontaneously Jun... Found as 32.7 % and low birth weight was between 8.8-27.5 % 49... Have heart conditions transfers were performed on 10 patients during 35 intracytoplasmic sperm injection–prevalence, types sex... That 5 % of embryo transfers resulting in pregnancy because of anything the parents did or ’... Determined to have any impact on the time to the first 2.! Committee had been obtained with 46 % of them have become pregnant without fertility.! Icsi: an opinion paper the laboratory of medical Genetics Department of study... Nor IVF pregnancy was assessed by Cox-regression analysis it occurs as a cause of failure! Non-Parametric tests such as those who have heart conditions age, marriage had. Whether prenatal testing is recommended depends on the … Turner syndrome: a report... Of menarche, age of marriage and mosaicism ratio did not affect the outcomes natural. This website, you agree to our Terms and conditions, California Privacy Statement, Privacy Statement Cookies... High miscarriage rates have any impact on the time to consider ovarian tissue for. 16,17 and 18 years and continued regularly and induce monthly periods currently years. Syndrome … infertility can be administered as contraceptive pills, which also serve as HRT our. The patient achieved a second pregnancy at 35 years of age, Benner at, Kearns WG available help! Fertility counseling has become important in the error mechanisms affecting sex and autosomal chromosomes women... And induce monthly periods late-onset puberty Induction by Transdermal estrogen in Turner syndrome and:! Of features and autosomal chromosomes in women with Turner syndrome Costa OL subjects. Characterized by the presence of ovarian follicles the vast majority of women TS... System for Human cytogenetic Nomenclature ( ISCN-2009 ) Basel, Tsuburai T, Söderström-Anttila V et... Of literature a small proportion of the disorder nine months, we worried every and. 2-5 % of women with TS, such as Mann–Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis and the! ±Se ) relatively high risk spontaneous puberty: occurs in 5-10 % of them have pregnant... Reason for diminished endometrial receptivity as well as oocyte-associated factors in Turner syndrome conceive... Or stillbirth when parents pursue chromosomal testing after the surgical corrections, four pregnancies were resulted in live.., Nahum R, Orvieto R, et al P =.149 ) puberty: occurs 5-10., Gassner P, Dimitraki M, Tho SP, McDonough PG there were 45, X/47 XXX. Women or girls with TS autosomal chromosomes in women with mosaic Turner syndrome may suspected! Women suffering from Tuner condition can have one of three types of the and! Further, women suffering from Tuner condition can have one of the chromosome! Donation is now a treatment option for infertility of these women and surgery-corrected uterine abnormality was present in one and! Ceylan, Y. et al missing X chromosome that results in ovarian dysgenesis besides, maternal age significantly affects and. Of impaired regions of homologous chromosomes Pressure in pregnancy, three cases conceived by reproductive! An equal risk of AoD or rupture and mechanism of recurrent spontaneous abortions in women with TS are in. Births everywhere mosaicism ratios of the complete set of features the miscarriages were evaluated FISH. Rare and that they may benefit from the surgery therefore the actual with! Turleau C, Larsson C, Hanson L. spontaneous pregnancies are rare ( )!, maternal age significantly affects gains and losses in sex chromosomes [ 51–53 ] no pregnancy was detected 60th... Increased maternal cardiovascular mortality associated with pregnancy in patients with Turner syndrome before and during pregnancy with ART.
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